Fashion Dictionary: Art 2130


  1. Burlap: Coarse canvas woven from jute, hemp, or similar fiber, used especially for sacking.

Image result for burlap dress   Image result for burlap

Loom: An apparatus for making fabric by weaving yarn or thread



Fast Fashion: contemporary term used by fashionretailers to express that designs move from catwalk quickly to capture current fashion trends.

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Warp:  the threads on a loom over and under which other threads (the weft) are passed to make cloth.


Weft: the crosswise threads on a loom over and under which other threads (the warp) are passed to make cloth.

Swallow Amulet: An Egyptian accessory that resembles a bird and it is believed that they were associated with the stars.

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Abolla: Cloak like garment worn by the ancient greeks/romans.

Flax: A blue flowered herbaceous plant that is cultivated for its seeds (linseed) and for textile fiber made from its stalks.

Image result for flax   Image result for flax linen

Tapestry: A piece of thick textile fabric with pictures or designs formed from weaving colored wefts threads or by embroidering on canvas, used as a wall hanging or furniture covering.

Image result for tapestry examples  Image result for tapestry examples

Embroidery: the art or pastime of embroidering cloth.

Mexican embroidery by lolita:   Image result for embroidery pictures

motif: Decorative design or pattern

Kimono: a long, loose robe with wide sleeves and tied with a sash, originally worn as a formal garment in Japan and now also used elsewhere as a robe.

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Florentine Stitch: A straight stitched worked in a high and low relief pattern to form a variety of zigzags or oblique designs.




Image result for brocade fabric


Brocade: A rich fabric, usually silk, woven with a raised pattern, typically with gold or silver thread.



Image result for catacombs chinaCatacomb: An underground cemetery consisting of a subterranean gallery with recesses for tombs.





Unit 2


ethnography: The scientific description of the customs of individual peoples and cultures.

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Chador: A large piece of cloth that is wrapped around the head and upper body leaving only the face exposed, worn especially by Muslim women.

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 Brocade: A rich fabric, usually silk, woven with a raised pattern, typically with gold or silver thread.


Sept 22:

Nomadic People: Members of community of people who live in different locations, moving from one place to another.

Sassanian Dynasty: The last Persian lineage of rulers to achieve hegemony over much of Western Asia before Islam, ruled 224 CE–650 CE.


Transcaucasia: region located in the vicinity of the Southern Caucasus mountains of the border of Eastern Europe and Western Asia.


Sept 27

Ambassadorial: A diplomatic official of the highest rank appointed and accredited as representative in residence by one government or sovereign to another, usually for a specific length of time.

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Achaemenid Empire: The first Persian empire, was based in western Asia and founded by Cyrus the Great , very known for its various civilizations and  becoming the largest empire in ancient history.

Jade: a hard, typically green stone used for ornaments and implements and consisting of the minerals jadeite or nephrite.


Sept 29

Zoroastrian:  one of the world’s oldest monotheistic religions. It was founded by the Prophet Zoroaster in ancient Iran approximately 3500 years ago. expand all.

* Fire was their primary symbol.


Sowing: Plant by scattering on the earth.


Historiography: the study of historical writing.

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Oct 4

Timber: wood prepared for use in building and carpentry.

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Monopoly: the exclusive possession or control of the supply or trade in a commodity or service.

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Portraiture: The art of creating portraits.

Poupee: Doll

Oct 6

Coiffure: A person’s hairstyle, typically an elaborate one.

Fauna: Animals of a particular region, habitat, for geological period.

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Promulgate: Promote of make widely known.

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Unit 3: Extreme Fashion

Oct 18:

  1. Consort: A wife, husband, or companion in particular the spouse of a reigning monarch.


2. Ephemeral: Lasting for a very short time.


3. Betrothed: The person who one is engage too.

4. Dauphin: The eldest son of the king of France.

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5. Diplomatic: Of or concerning the profession, activity, or skill of managing international relations.

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6. Catherine de’ Medici’s: Italian noble women who was queen of France from 1547 to 1559, as the wife of King Henry II.


Oct 20.

  1. Arbiter: a person who settles a dispute or has ultimate authority in a matter.


2. Salic Law: A law excluding females from dynastic succession, especially the alleged fundamental law of the French monarchy.

3. Chemise a la reine: Light and simple garment, consisted of layers of muslin, loosely draped around the body, and was synched at the waist with a sash.


Oct. 25

  1. Sartorial- of or relating to tailoring, clothes, or style of dress.

2. Privy: sharing in the knowledge of (something secret or private).


3. Chaste: abstaining from extramarital, or from all, sexual intercourse.


Oct 27

  1. Omnipotent: Having unlimited power, able to do anything.


2. Flaneur: An idler or lounger.

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3. Antebellum Period: American period before civil war and after war of 1812.

4. Melange: Derives from Middle French verb which means to mix.

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Nov 1:

  1. Reform Dress: A loose fitting, short dress and a pair of trousers. This form of dress was known as oneida, bloomer, and freedom suit.

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2. Hydropathists: Internal and external use of water as a therapeutic treatment for all forms of disease.

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3. Hecklers: Person who harasses and tries to disconcert others with questions and challenges.

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4. Obloquy: Strong public criticism or verbal abuse.


5. Trousers: Outer garment covering body from waist to ankles, with separating part for each leg.


Nov 3:

  1. Incunabulum: Early printed book, especially one printed before 1501.

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2. Trellis: Framework of light wooden metal bars, chiefly used as a supporter for fruit trees or climbing.

3. Herald: Sign that something is about to happen.


Nov 14

  1. bungler: An amateur.


2. Pre-Industrial Era: a time before there were machines and tools to help perform tasks en masse.


3. Guild: a medieval association of craftsmen or merchants, often having considerable power.


Nov 16

  1. assiduously: Careful, methodical, and very persistent.

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2. Repertoire: Stock of plays, dances, or pieces that a company knows or is prepared to perform.

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3. couturier: a fashion designer who manufactures and sells clothes that have been tailored to a client’s specific requirements and measurements.

Fashion designers at work4.  Millinery: Women’s house.


Nov. 22 16.

  1. Treadle sewing machine: machine powered mechanically by a foot pedal, now is considered an antique.

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2. Myriad: a countless or extremely great number.

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3. Millinery shop: Store that sells hats.

Store selling hats. Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Nov 29.

  1. Spinning Jenny: multi-spindle spinning frame, and was one of the key developments in the industrialization of weaving during the early Industrial Revolution. It was invented in 1764 by James Hargreaves.


2. Rove: to travel constantly without a destination, wander.

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13.Hobnob: mi: x socially, especially with those of higher social status.


4. shilling: a former British coin and monetary unit equal to one twentieth of a pound or twelve pence.


Dec 1:

  1. Musculoskeletal: disorders (MSDs) are injuries or pain in the body’s joints, ligaments, muscles, nerves, tendons, and structures that support limbs, neck and back.

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2. Sordid: involving ignoble actions and motives; arousing moral distaste and contempt.

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3. Shirtwaist: A women’s blouse that resembles a blouse.

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